Format of Citations and References 1. Introduction As you write your term papers, it will be important for you to document where you obtained the information cited in your report. Many of the references you use will come from published sources.
An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief usually about words descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation.
The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. Annotations are descriptive and critical; they may describe the author's point of view, authority, or clarity and appropriateness of expression.
First, locate and record citations to books, periodicals, and documents that may contain useful information and ideas on your topic.
Briefly examine and review the actual items. Then choose those works that provide a variety of perspectives on your topic. Cite the book, article, or document using the appropriate style.
Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the book or article. Include one or more sentences that a evaluate the authority or background of the author, b comment on the intended audience, c compare or contrast this work with another you have cited, or d explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.
For information on the author's background and views, ask at the reference desk for help finding appropriate biographical reference materials and book review sources. Nonfamily living and the erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults.
American Sociological Review, 51, The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles.
They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in MLA, APA, and CMS.
Stem Cell Research: An Annotated Bibliography. Holland, Suzanne. The bibliographic information above is proper MLA format (use whatever style is appropriate in your field) and the annotations are in paragraph form.
If you are writing an annotated. For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed. Studybay is an academic writing service for students: essays, term papers, dissertations and much more!
We're trusted and chosen by many students all over the world! Anatomy of an Annotated Bibliography For annotated bibliographies, use standard APA format for the citations, then add a brief entry, including: • 2 to 4 sentences to summarize the main idea(s) of the source.
Writing a Bibliography: APA Format Email. Print. Below are standard formats and examples for basic bibliographic information recommended by the American Psychological Association (APA).
All APA citations should use hanging indents, that is, the first line of an entry should be flush left, and the second and subsequent lines .
This handout provides information about annotated bibliographies in MLA, APA, and CMS. Overview Below you will find sample annotations from annotated bibliographies, each with a .