His father, William Cary Wright — was an orator, music teacher, occasional lawyer, and itinerant minister.
Before World War II Europe The Modernist movement in architecture was an attempt to create a nonhistorical architecture of Functionalism in which a new sense of space would be created with the help of modern materials.
The Viennese architect Adolf Loos opposed the use of any ornament at all and designed purist compositions of bald, functional blocks such as the Steiner House at Viennaone of the first private houses of reinforced concrete.
Behrens strongly affected three great architects who worked in his office: In GermanyGropius followed a mechanistic direction.
His Fagus Works factory at Alfeld-an-der-Leine in Germany and the Werkbund exposition building at the Cologne exhibition had been models of industrial architecture in which vigorous forms were enclosed by masonry and glass; the effect of these buildings was gained by the use of steel frames, strong silhouette, and the logic of their plans.
There were no historical influences or expressions of local landscape, traditions, or materials. The beauty of the buildings derived from adapting form to a technological culture.
Later called the Bauhausit became the most important centre of modern design until the Nazi s closed it in While he was at Weimar, Gropius developed a firm philosophy about architecture and education, which he announced in The aim of the visual artshe said, is to create a complete, homogeneous physical environment in which all the arts have their place.
Architects, sculptors, furniture makers, and painters must learn practical crafts and obtain knowledge of tools, materials, and forms; they must become acquainted with the machine and attempt to use it in solving the social problems of an industrial society. At the Bauhaus, aesthetic investigations into space, colour, construction, and elementary forms were flavoured by Cubism and Constructivism.
Moving the school to Dessau inGropius designed the pioneering new Bauhaus —26 in which steel frames and glass walls provided workshops within severely Cubistic buildings. With insight, Garnier developed a comprehensive scheme for residential neighbourhoods, transportation terminals, schools, and industrial centres, and his plan became a major influential scheme for 20th-century urban design.
Garnier received no mandate to build such a city, but his town hall at Boulogne-Billancourt —34 recalled the promise he had shown, though it was not so innovative and masterful as might have been expected.
He conceived of the city as a symbol of the new technological age.
It was an affirmative environment for the future, however, in opposition to the negating inhuman Expressionistic city of the future conceived by Fritz Lang in the film classic Metropolis. The second generation of Expressionists centred their activities in postwar Germany and The Netherlands.
As Germany was the centre of Expressionism, Paris was the stronghold of the advocates of a new vision of space, Cubismwhich Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso developed about Forms were dismembered into their faceted components; angular forms, interpenetrated planes, transparencies, and diverse impressions were recorded as though seen simultaneously.
Soon architectural reflections of the Cubist aesthetic appeared internationally. Interior spaces were defined by thin, discontinuous planes and glass walls; supports were reduced to slender metal columns, machine-finished and without ornamentation; and Cubistic voids and masses were arranged programmatically in asymmetric compositions.
The Dutch De Stijl movement was influenced by Cubism, although it sought a greater abstract purity in its geometric formalism. Meanwhile Oud collaborated with van Doesburg for a time and vigorously proclaimed the new style in housing developments he built at Rotterdam afterHook of Holland —27and Stuttgart, Germany He directed the Weissenhof estate project of the Werkbund Exposition at Stuttgartcontributing the design for an apartment house.
Such practical problems failed to show his talent, which was not fully known until he designed the German pavilion for the International Exposition at Barcelona in The continuous spaces partitioned with thin marble planes and the chromed steel columns drew international applause.
It revealed a world of new forms—not Classical capitals and Gothic arches but ships, turbines, grain elevators, airplanes, and machine products, which Le Corbusier said were indexes to 20th-century imagination. His love of machines was combined with a belief in communal authority as the best means of accomplishing social reforms, and Le Corbusier directed his attention toward the problems of housing and urban patterns.Louis Kahn () Louis Isadore Kahn Arquitecto, Urbanista, Dibujante, Artista Universal / Architect, Urbanist, Draftsman, Universal Artist (Arquitectura Moderna-Estilo Internacional / Modern Architecture-International Style).
The house was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and built between and It is located in Bear Run, Pennsylvania. The house is built on top of a waterfall on the side of a hill. Frank Lloyd Wright designed the house to appear as if it wasn't even standing on solid ground.
Descriptive criticism: Every piece of artwork ever done has consisted of elements and principles, which make up what the piece is.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. THE SPIKE. It was late-afternoon. Forty-nine of us, forty-eight men and one woman, lay on the green waiting for the spike to open.
We were too tired to talk much.
Frank Lloyd Wright's Dana House: The Illustrated Story of an Architectural Masterpiece (Dover Architecture) Kindle Edition. An eloquent humanist, as well as one of the great architects and designers of the 20th century, Alvar Aalto breathed life and warmth into modernism, placing emphasis on organic geometry, supple, natural materials and respect for the human element.