Stem cell For many decades, stem cells have played an important role in medical research, beginning in when Ernst Haeckel first used the phrase to describe the fertilized egg which eventually gestates into an organism. The term was later used in by William Sedgwick to describe the parts of a plant that grow and regenerate.
Stem Cell Research Recent scientific advances in human stem cell research have brought into fresh focus the dignity and status of the human embryo.
These developments require that the legal, ethical, and scientific issues associated with this research be critically addressed and articulated.
Our careful consideration of these issues leads to the conclusion that human stem cell research requiring the destruction of human embryos is objectionable on legal, ethical, and scientific grounds. Moreover, destruction of human embryonic life is unnecessary for medical progress, as alternative methods of obtaining human stem cells and of repairing and regenerating human tissue exist and continue to be developed.
If this were not so, the medically accepted and legally required practices of informed consent and of seeking to do no harm to the patient could be ignored whenever some "greater good" seems achievable.
Likewise, the international structure of human rights law-one of the great achievements of the modern world-is founded on the conviction that when the dignity of one human being is assaulted, all of us are threatened. The duty to protect human life is specifically reflected in the homicide laws of all 50 states.
Whereas researchers using fetal tissue are not responsible for the death of the fetus, researchers using stem cells derived from embryos will typically be implicated in the destruction of the embryo.
This is true whether or not researchers participate in the derivation of embryonic stem cells.
As long as embryos are destroyed as part of the research enterprise, researchers using embryonic stem cells and those who fund them will be complicit in the death of embryos. Therefore, the opinion that human embryonic stem cell research may receive federal funding appears to violates both the language of and intention behind the existing law.
Initially, this was because a federal regulation of prevented government funding of IVF experiments unless such experiments were deemed acceptable by an Ethics Advisory Board.
After this regulation was rescinded by Congress in20 the Human Embryo Research Panel recommended to the National Institutes of Health NIH that certain kinds of harmful nontherapeutic experiments using human embryos receive federal funding.
Sincethose norms have been applied to unborn children at every stage of development in the womb, and since they have been applied to the human embryo outside the womb as well. Accordingly, members of the human species who cannot give informed consent for research should not be the subjects of an experiment unless they personally may benefit from it or the experiment carries no significant risk of harming them.
Only by upholding such research principles do we prevent treating people as things-as mere means to obtaining knowledge or benefits for others. It may strike some as surprising that legal protection of embryonic human beings can co-exist with the U.
Most of these provisions prohibit experiments on embryos outside the womb. Consequently, the human embryo must not be subject to willful destruction even if the stated motivation is to help others. Therefore, on existing legal grounds alone, research using stem cells derived from the destruction of early human embryos is proscribed.
Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Is Unethical The decision to federally fund research involving the destruction of human embryos would be profoundly disturbing even if this research could result in great scientific and medical gain.
The prospect of government-sponsored experiments to manipulate and destroy human embryos should make us all lie awake at night.
That some individuals would be destroyed in the name of medical science constitutes a threat to us all. Recent statements claiming that human embryonic stem cell research is too promising to be slowed or prohibited underscore the sort of utopianism and hubris that could blind us to the truth of what we are doing and the harm we could cause to ourselves and others.
Human embryos are not mere biological tissues or clusters of cells; they are the tiniest of human beings. An international scientific consensus now recognizes that human embryos are biologically human beings beginning at fertilization, and acknowledges the physical continuity of human growth and development from the one-cell stage forward.
Finally, the historic and well-respected Ramsey Colloquium statement on embryo research acknowledges that: The [embryo] is human; it will not articulate itself into some other kind of animal.
Any being that is human is a human being. If it is objected that, at five days or fifteen days, the embryo does not look like a human being, it must be pointed out that this is precisely what a human being looks like--and what each of us looked like--at five or fifteen days of development.Human embryonic stem cell (HESC) research offers much hope for alleviating the human suffering brought on by the ravages of disease and injury.
HESCs are characterized by their capacity for self-renewal and their ability to differentiate into all types of cells of the body. Embryonic stem (ES) cells have almost unlimited regenerative capacity and can potentially generate any body tissue. Hence they hold great promise for the cure of degenerative human diseases.
But their derivation and the potential for misuse have raised a number of ethical issues. ADVANCES IN ADULT AND NON-EMBRYONIC STEM CELL RESEARCH HEARING BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SPACE tive medicine offers great hope to those suffering from this disease.
of human cloning and destructive human embryonic stem cell research, certainly. Scientific Advances in Stem Cell Research Continue to Make Use of Embryos Outdated and Unnecessary Eugene C. Tarne | November 17, Diabetes has long been one of the main diseases for which human embryonic stem cell (embryo-destroying) research, or hESCR, was claimed to hold the greatest promise of curing.
Position Statement. While proponents of human embryonic stem cell research lobby aggressively for government funding of research requiring the destruction of human embryos, alternative methods for repairing and regenerating human tissue render such an approach unnecessary for medical progress.
One of the most exciting new advances in. Jun 22, · Stem-cell advances may quell ethics debate. Recent strides in stem-cell research show adult stem cells to be ever-more-promising, many scientists say, quelling the controversy steeped in .