Review of the Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of By:
The Elaine Massacre was one of the most horrific events in the history of Ameria. Check out the information below and feel free to leave a comment!!! The Elaine Race Riot: Part 1 The Elaine Race Riot: Elaine Race Riot of aka: Black sharecroppers were often exploited in their efforts to collect payment for their cotton crops.
Thrown into this highly combustible mix was the return to the United States of black soldiers who often exhibited a less submissive attitude within the Jim Crow society around them. Knox, Ed Coleman, and Paul Hall. Although the United States was on the winning side of World War I, supporters of American capitalism found in communism a new menace to their security.
With the success of the Russian Revolution, stopping the spread of international communism was seen as the duty of all loyal Americans. Leaders of the Hoop Spur union had placed armed guards around the church to prevent disruption of their meeting and intelligence gathering by white opponents.
Though accounts of who fired the first shots are in sharp conflict, a shootout in front of the church on the night of September 30,between the armed black guards around the church and three individuals whose vehicle was parked in front of the church resulted in the death of W.
The next morning, the Phillips County sheriff sent out a posse to arrest those suspected of being involved in the shooting. Brough, requesting that U. After troops arrived in Elaine on the morning of October 2,the white mobs began to depart the area and return to their homes.
The military placed several hundred African Americans in makeshift stockades until they could be questioned and vouched for by their white employers. Evidence shows that the mobs of whites slaughtered African Americans in and around Elaine.
The committee met with Gov. Brough, who had ridden on the train with the troops and accompanied them on a march to the Hoop Spur area.
There is no danger of any lynching…. The white citizens of the county deserve unstinting praise for their actions in preventing mob violence. The white leaders put forward their view that black residents had been about to revolt. Two white members of the Phillips County posse, T.
Smiddy, stated in sworn affidavits in that they committed acts of torture at the Phillips County jail and named others who had also participated in the torture. On October 31,the Phillips County grand jury charged African Americans with crimes stemming from the racial disturbances. The charges ranged from murder to nightriding, a charge akin to terroristic threatening.
The trials began the next week. White attorneys from Helena were appointed by Circuit Judge J. Jackson to represent the first twelve black men to go to trial. Attorney Jacob Fink, who was appointed to represent Frank Hicks, admitted to the jury that he had not interviewed any witnesses.
He made no motion for a change of venue, nor did he challenge a single prospective juror, taking the first twelve called. As a result, sixty-five others quickly entered plea-bargains and accepted sentences of up to twenty-one years for second-degree murder.
Others had their charges dismissed or ultimately were not prosecuted. Bratton, hired the Little Rock law firm of George C.+ free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders.
The Red Summer of refers to a series of race riots that took place between May and October of that year. Although riots occurred in more than thirty cities throughout the United States, the bloodiest events were in Chicago, Washington D.C., and Elaine, Arkansas.
The first act of violence took. Review of the Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of This Essay Review of the Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on caninariojana.com Autor: review • January 7, • Essay • 1, Words (5 Pages) • 1, Views.
Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of (Blacks in the New World) [William M. Tuttle] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. An examination of urban-industrial life in the early twentieth century looks at the Chicago riot of and explores post-World War I racial strife.
The War At Home: Race Violence in the Red Summer of By Matthew Schaible Red Summer of , traces the riot’s origins to the Great Migration. He argued the The Chicago Race Riot While officially open to whites and blacks, Chicago’s beaches operated under de-.
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