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January 11, 7: After 20 years of displacement and war in northern Uganda, women with disabilities - physical, sensory, mental and intellectual - face an even more complex and grueling process of return and relocation than their neighbors.
They experience stigma and sexual violence and are often denied access to health care and justice. The fundamental human rights guarantees of equality and non-discrimination are legally binding obligations and do not need instrumental justifications. That said there is a growing body of evidence that human rights-based approaches, and these key guarantees in particular, can lead to more sustainable and inclusive development results.
Even in countries where there have been significant gains toward achieving the MDGs, inequalities have grown. The MDGs have supported aggregate progress—often without acknowledging the importance of investing in the most marginalized and excluded, or giving due credit to governments and institutions which do ensure that development benefits these populations.
Recognition of this shortcoming in the MDGs has brought an increasing awareness of the importance of working to reverse growing economic inequalities through the post framework, and a key element of this must be actively working to dismantle discrimination.
Under international law, this requires states to identify and eliminate discrimination and ensure equality. This may require legislative or administrative reform to repeal discriminatory provisions or address discriminatory practices by the government or private actors, a change in resource allocation, or educational measures.
The post frameworkshould embody the responsibility of states, when acting together or alone, to take proactive measures to identify and address entrenched discrimination, both direct and indirect.
Itshould embody the responsibility of states, international institutions, and corporations to avoid and remedy discrimination for which they are directly or indirectly responsible. The framework should go some way toward achieving this by including goals, targets, and indicators directed at reducing discrimination and ensuring that the social and economic needs of the most marginalized communities are being addressed fairly, and at reducing wealth inequalities more broadly.
Recommendations Targets and indicators in the post framework should be designed to reduce existing inequalities, address entrenched discrimination, and realize the social and economic rights of the most in need while also remaining feasible, affordable, and implementable.
The post framework should emphasize the importance of development reaching the most marginalized populations, including indigenous peoples. It can go some way toward achieving this by including: A specific target of addressing the social and economic needs of the most marginalized or discriminated against groups in each country.
The framework should establish the methodology for identifying marginalized or disadvantaged groups, but the groups identified would vary country to country.
Indicators should look to identify structural discrimination, including consideration of discriminatory laws and discrimination by private actors.
Considerations should include whether governments have non-discrimination laws that bind public and private entities with a definition of discrimination consistent with international human rights lawrequire public and private institutions to develop non-discrimination action plans, and fully implement such laws and policies.
Indicators should measure realization of urgent social and economic needs of the most marginalized populations. Indicators which measure the achievement of each target for the most marginalized or discriminated against groups in each country. In order to achieve this, disaggregated data will be essential.
It may not be feasible to disaggregate date by all potential grounds of discrimination.
The post framework should emphasize the importance of development reaching the poorest. A specific target of addressing the social and economic needs of the poorest two wealth quintiles in each country. Indicators which measure the achievement of each target by wealth quintiles.
This will require the collection of data along wealth quintiles. A specific target on reducing income inequalities within countries, with an emphasis on reducing the gap between the richest and poorest quintiles Other human rights treaties have since prohibited discrimination on the grounds of marital status, [xiii] descent or ethnic origin, [xiv] disability, [xv] nationality, [xvi] age, [xvii] and economic position.
HIV statushomelessness, or because they engage in sex work. Discrimination also includes incitement to discriminate and harassment. This includes addressing the urgent social needs of such populations as well as assessing difficulties that marginalized and excluded groups experience in enjoying economic, social and cultural rights, and taking the necessary steps to address these difficulties.
According to Bureau of Justice Statistics approximately 3. The relationship between discrimination, inequality, and poverty can also be seen, for instance, in Burma. Discrimination against certain ethnic minorities is widespread in Burma and addressing this discrimination should be a key element of poverty reduction strategies.
The Burmese government has long denied Rohingya the right to obtain citizenship in Burma, which has facilitated human rights abuses against them and rendered them stateless, posing a serious obstacle to achieving a durable solution to the sectarian violence in Arakan State and resolving the situation of Rohingya refugees.
As international donors enhance engagement with the Burmese government in response to significant governance and human rights reforms, donors and the government should work to address the urgent social needs of the most in need. As set out below, dismantling discrimination and addressing inequality requires a range of fully implemented laws, policies and programmes, and may include temporary special measures.
It may also require a change in resource allocation, with devotion of greater resources to marginalized groups. Maintenance of state-sponsored discrimination can undermine development activities for specific sectors of the population, even if overall a country is meeting its goals and indicators.
It has doubled female primary school enrollment in 10 years, and more than halved infant mortality. According to some studies, both the rich and the poor have benefitted from these gains.Human rights are claims that the weak advance to hold the powerful to account, and that is why poverty is first and foremost about rights” (p).
The human rights approach to . Tax Justice is a Human Rights Issue Oxfam and Tax Justice Network are today launching an essay competition on tax justice and human rights. The competition invites both practitioners and students from around the world to explore ways in which governments of developing countries and/or civil society in any country can use existing laws to.
Topic: Poverty, Human Rights and Globalization This is in 2 Stages: 1.
Essay Proposal pages 2. Research Paper pages Both Orders are to be done by the same writer This is a broad topic that links the three issues. Types of Human Rights: Human rights in general, may be of two types: (a) Rights which are essential for the dignified and decent human existence, and (b) Rights which are essential for adequate development of human personality.
Human Trafficking occurs in every single country on the globe. It is a global epidemic driven by poverty. The most common countries to which victims are exported are in Western Europe, Western Africa, Asia, Arab Nations and North America.
The tour through Alabama's rural communities is part of a two-week investigation by the U.N. on poverty and human rights abuses in the United States. So far, U.N. investigators have visited cities.