Confucius is a corruption of the name K'ung Fu-tzu. Although K'ung Fu-tzu was the philosopher's correct name, he has historically been referred to as Confucius in Western countries. Confucius is to the Chinese culture and history what Socrates is to the Western culture and history.
A Study in the Four Gospels. This 54 week course for the laity will be available for congregations in Basic text for the course: We will also closely examine the writings of Josephus about the Baptist. Josephus was a Jewish historian who lived immediately after the time of Christ CE.
He was a historian and advisor to three Roman emperors and his books were widely read for centuries. He was sympathetic to John the Baptist, perhaps because Philosophies of punishment retribution himself spent three years as a youth, from age sixteen to nineteen, living a life of an ascetic in the desert.
The New Testament story of John the Baptist is the only New Testament story that can be examined through first century, secular history in order to gain further information and insights.
The story of John the Baptist is found in both the New Testament and the secular history of that time. We will first study the Scriptures about John and then we will study the writings of Josephus. We will discover that the historical accounts about John in the gospels and the historical accounts of John in Josephus reinforce and supplement each other.
This map shows where John the Baptist lived and ministered. Nearby the caves in which the Dead Sea Scrolls were found was the ancient fortress of Machaerus.
Machaerus was the name of the fortress where John the Baptist was beheaded. We need to see the site of the castle in which John the Baptist was imprisoned. The fortress of Machaerus was located on the top of this tall hill and had a panoramic view of the Dead Sea and Palestine.
Of course, as with nearly all other archeological sites, Machaerus would have worn down through the centuries and been covered with layers of dirt and debris. The first archeological investigations of the site began in This is not Q.
The basic story comes initially from the Gospel of Mark. The Gospel of Mark is filled with luscious, spicy details that enhance the story. Herod the Tetrarch was one of those sons. Tetrarch means four or the ruler of one of the four parts.
He was also known as Herod Antipas. He ruled Galilee and Peraea. This King Herod, the Tetrarch, ruled for forty years. Now his son would about to behead John the Baptist. The previous verses in Mark 6 are about the commissioning of the twelve disciples and sending them out two by two.
The disciples were successful in their mission. Jesus was thought to be the reincarnation of John the Baptist and this accounted for the powers that were working through him.
That was the rumor floating around the land. Of the choices available to him, Herod thought that Jesus was not a re-incarnated Elijah nor another prophet of the Old Testament. Herod was convinced that Jesus was none other than John the Baptist raised from the dead. In other words, it appears that Herod was feeling guilty about his execution of John the Baptist and that the Baptist was coming back to haunt him in the person of Jesus.
Origin, one of the great early church fathers, when studying this text, said that Jesus and John the Baptist were cousins and therefore, perhaps looked alike. Simply, Herod believed that Jesus was none other than John the Baptist who was raised from the dead.
John the Baptist had come back to trouble Herod. That marriage was morally wrong. John criticized Herod for this sinful action. We hear a similar story from Josephus.Plan to Improve Correctional Facilities - Woman are entering our correctional facilities at an astonishing rate.
In it was reported that approximately 68, women were incarcerated in federal or state prisons; however, by that number increased by 66% to . ABORIGINAL CONCEPTS OF JUSTICE. Introduction Aboriginal People and the Role of the Elders Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Peoples: Two Worldviews The Meaning of Justice.
Introduction to Criminology 1 1 Introduction to Criminology This chapter identiﬁes key philosophies and debates in the development of criminology.
Retributive justice: Retributive justice, response to criminal behaviour that focuses on the punishment of lawbreakers and the compensation of victims.
In general, the severity of the punishment is proportionate to the seriousness of the crime. Retribution appears alongside restorative principles in . Punishment is the practice of imposing something unpleasant on a person as a response to some unwanted or immoral behavior or disobedience that they have displayed.
Punishment has evolved with society; starting out as a simple system of revenge by the individual, family, or tribe, it soon grew as an institution protected by governments, into a large penal and justice system. The execution, by hanging, of Yakub Memon for his part in the Mumbai bombings invites us to revisit the vexed issue of capital punishment.
Few topics incite such moral passion and controversy.