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InFeatherstone Osler announced he wanted to become a minister of the Church of England.
Serving in the Navy, he was shipwrecked Osler medical essay Barbados. In Featherstone Osler officially retired from the Navy and emigrated to Canada, becoming a Osler medical essay minister" in rural Upper Canada. At the time, however, he was becoming increasingly interested in medical science, under the influence of James Bovelland Rev.
William Arthur Johnsonwho both became major influences for Osler at this time, encouraging him to switch his career. Osler lived with Bovell for a time, and through Johnson, he was introduced to the writings of Sir Thomas Browne ; his Religio Medici caused a deep impression on him.
Here he created the first formal journal club. During this time, he also showed interest in comparative pathology and is considered the first to teach veterinary pathology in North America as part of a broad understanding of disease pathogenesis. Inhe was appointed Chair of Clinical Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and inwas one of the seven founding members of the Association of American Physiciansa society dedicated to "the advancement of scientific and practical medicine.
Osler quickly increased his reputation as a clinician, humanitarian, and teacher. He presided over a rapidly expanding domain. Inhe initiated the Postgraduate Medical Association, of which he was the first President. The latter idea spread across the English-speaking world and remains in place today in most teaching hospitals.
The success of his residency system depended, in large part, on its pyramidal structure with many interns, fewer assistant residents and a single chief resident, who originally occupied that position for years.
While at Hopkins, Osler established the full-time, sleep-in residency system whereby staff physicians lived in the administration building of the hospital. As established, the residency was open-ended, and long tenure was the rule. Doctors spent as long as seven or eight years as residents, during which time they led a restricted, almost monastic life.
He wrote in an essay "Books and Men" that "He who studies medicine without books sails an uncharted sea, but he who studies medicine without patients does not go to sea at all.
He pioneered the practice of bedside teaching, making rounds with a handful of students, demonstrating what one student referred to as his method of "incomparably thorough physical examination.
By their third year they were taking patient histories, performing physicals and doing lab tests examining secretions, blood and excreta.
The original hangs in the William H. From left to right: William Henry WelchWilliam Stewart HalstedWilliam Osler, Howard Kelly He reduced the role of didactic lectures and once said he hoped his tombstone would say only, "He brought medical students into the wards for bedside teaching.
Pelspread to medical schools across the globe. Osler was a prolific author and a great collector of books and other material relevant to the history of medicine.
The printed and extensively annotated catalogue of this donation is entitled "Bibliotheca Osleriana: He was instrumental in founding the Medical Library Association in North America and served as its second president from — It continued to be published in many editions until and was translated into many languages.
The title of his most famous essay, "Aequanimitas", espousing the importance of imperturbability, is the motto on the Osler family crest and is used on the Osler housestaff tie and scarf at Hopkins.
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July Learn how and when to remove this template message Osler is well known in the field of gerontology for the speech he gave when leaving Hopkins to become the Regius Professor of Medicine at Oxford.
He claimed that, "the effective, moving, vitalizing work of the world is done between the ages of twenty-five and forty" and it was downhill from then on.
Coincidentally, Osler himself died of pneumonia. Personal life and family[ edit ] An inveterate prankster, he wrote several humorous pieces under the pseudonym "Egerton Yorrick Davis", even fooling the editors of the Philadelphia Medical News into publishing a report on the extremely rare phenomenon of penis captivuson December 13, Army surgeon living in Caughnawaga, Quebec now Kahnawakeauthor of a controversial paper on the obstetrical habits of Native American tribes that was suppressed and unpublished.Paris Medical Theses Collection (a massive collection, for readers of French, covering many different medical topics from s) Osler Artefacts (a rich collection of historical medical artifacts.
The Medical Student Essay Contest was established to encourage improved writing and research skills among medical students. The submissions have covered a very . ["Aequanimitas," Aequanimitas, p. 7] AEQUANIMITAS. of whims and fancies; but the more closely we study their little foibles of one sort and another in the inner life which we see, the more surely is the conviction borne in upon us of the likeness of their weaknesses to our own.
By their example, Osler learned that education was an enjoyable, satisfying process that continued long beyond one's school years, and that broad and constant learning was a fundamental part of a life in medicine. He also became fascinated with the history of medicine and with the works of medical pioneers.
Selection is based upon review of three essays from nominees, with a maximum of two student recipeints per year. The Award is supported jointly by the McGovern Academy of Oslerian Medicine and the Dr.
C. W. Daeschner, Jr.
’45 Endowment. In the Board of Curators of the Osler Library of the History of Medicine together with the McGill Medical Students’ Osler Society launched an essay contest and invited medical students to explore the historical, ethical, social and humanistic side of medicine.