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To position the five kinds of thoughts on the fingers is a good way of learning to remember them. Witnessing the five kinds of thoughts: By learning to observe the thinking process, and then to discriminate between these five types of mental objects, we start to gain a mastery over them, and their ability to control our actions, speech, and thoughts.
With mastery of witnessing: As that mastery comes within reach, we gradually find a neutral, non-attached 1. Meditation can systematically deepen. Without mastery of witnessing: Without that mastery, we become victims to our own unconscious mental process, losing free choice in external life as well as the ability to experience deep meditation.
Pramana is the one to cultivate: Of the five kinds of thought patterns, pramana, or correct knowledge is the one to cultivate. The process of continually seeing ever more clearly brings progress on the path of meditation.
This process of seeing clearly, of seeing things as they are, is one of the ways of describing the inner journey, eventually revealing that absolute, unchanging True Self.
The first of the five kinds of thought patterns described in the last sutra is pramana, which is real or valid cognition, right knowledge, valid proof, seeing clearly. Here, in sutra 1. These are direct perception, reasoning, and validation.
Each of them are valid, and standing alone can provide correct knowing, though you want the three to be in agreement.
This description of correct knowing applies both to mundane ways of knowing, such as seeing objects in the external world, and to spiritual insights on the inner journey. Seek experience, not mere belief: In the oral Yoga tradition, it is said that you should not believe what you hear, but should seek direct experience.
This is the meaning of the first of these three ways of knowing. The second part is that of reasoning, whereby you want that experience to be understood in the light of your own inference or reasoning. The third part is that you seek the validation through some respected authority or testimony.
This might be a textual authority, such as the Yoga Sutras, or some respected person who has first hand knowledge. Getting these three to converge: When you can get these three to converge, meaning that experience, reasoning, and authoritative validation all agree with one another, then you know, and you know that you know, in regard to any particular aspect of the inner journey.
Thus, this sutra is an extremely practical tool for the inner journey. What if the three have not converged?: Consider the alternatives of these three converging. Often, people will have some experience with their spiritual journey, and have no understanding of what has happened, nor any validation.
This can be frustrating and fearful, and can leave one wandering, feeling lost for a very long time. If the experience were understood and validated, it could be integrated and used as a stepping stone to more advanced spiritual insights. If one has only logical reasoning, but no experience or validation, it can lead to mere intellectualizing.
If one only has the authoritative knowledge, without personal understanding or experience, it can lead to cold memorization, such as can happen in academia or blind faith religion. Seek each, and also convergence: For the sincere seeker, direct experience, reasoning, and validation are all three sought in relation to the inner journey, and in such a way that there is a convergence of the three.
Perceiving a thing as being other than what it really is. A classic example of the shifting perception is the Rubin Vase, which is both a picture of a vase and a picture of two faces at the same time.
Two classic examples are given by the Yogis for the misperception called viparyaya.
First is the mistaking of a rope for a snake when the light is low, such as the twilight hours between day and night. The rope is always a rope, although the mind misperceives it in the moment. The second is similar, and is mistaking a post in the distance as being a man standing in the shadows.Memory plays important roles in many areas of philosophy.
It is vital to our knowledge of the world in general and of the personal past in particular. It underwrites our identities as individuals and our ties to other people. On either interpretation, vivacity may have merit as a first-person memory marker, but it is unworkable as a third.
Dream Psychology & Interpretation Interpret Your Dreams How to interpret dreams, remember dreams you experience better and uncover the psychoanalytic meaning behind the themes of dreams. OVERVIEW Close to the Edge means Coming Closer to Terms with God.
On the fringe of our normal, profane existence/consciousness, always present and ever near, is the real of the divine/sacred. Although lots of Freud's theories and assumptions have been disputed, many of his views on memory are like common sense today. By arguing that pleasurable and distressing impressions from our early childhoods shape who we become as adults, Freud showed that early childhood development deserves careful attention and research.
EXERCISES TO DEVELOP AND IMPROVE SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETING SKILLS conference and court interpreters. Since the various modes of interpretation involve many of the same mental tasks, the exercises recommended in the sight translation and consecutive techniques are particularly applicable to SI, as are the memory-building exercises.
The BCAT Approach Scientifically validated memory tools used by clinicians, patients, and caregivers to enhance cognition, promote independence, and maintain meaningful relationships with those who have memory .