In The Curriculum,  the first textbook published on the subject, inJohn Franklin Bobbitt said that curriculum, as an ideahas its roots in the Latin word for race-course, explaining the curriculum as the course of deeds and experiences through which children become the adults they should be, for success in adult society. Furthermore, the curriculum encompasses the entire scope of formative deed and experience occurring in and out of school, and not only experiences occurring in school ; experiences that are unplanned and undirected, and experiences intentionally directed for the purposeful formation of adult members of society. To Bobbitt, the curriculum is a social engineering arena. Per his cultural presumptions and social definitions, his curricular formulation has two notable features:
History[ edit ] The assessments were introduced following the introduction of a National Curriculum to schools in England and Wales under the Education Reform Act As the curriculum was gradually rolled out fromstatutory assessments were introduced between andwith those in Key Stage 1 first, following by Key Stages 2 and 3 respectively as each cohort completed a full key stage.
The first assessments in Key Stage 1 were a range of cross-curricular tasks to be delivered in the classroom, known as standardised assessment tasks - hence the common acronym 'SATs'. However, the complexity of the use of these meant they were quickly replaced by more formal tasks.
In all 3 Key Stages, tests became the main form of statutory assessment, but a separate strand of Teacher Assessment was also used. This allowed teachers to make judgements about pupils they taught, based on their knowledge of the pupil's learning and attainment against the attainment targets contained within the national curriculum.
The results of both tests and teacher assessments were reported using a common scale of attainment levels, numbered 1 to 8 across the three key stages, with the national expectation that pupils would achieve Level 2 at the age of 7; Level 4 at the age of 11; and Level 5 or 6 by the age of This model continued, with minor adjustments to reflect the changing content of the National Curriculum, up to Fromthe role of the tests was downplayed at Key Stage 1, with tests being used only internally to support teacher assessment judgements.
Instead, tests and teacher assessments now follow different models at each key stage. At both key stages the process includes a combination of tests and teacher assessment judgements. The first round of assessments in the new model was undertaken in Key Stage 1[ edit ] There are two elements to the statutory assessment process in Key Stage 1: The tests are used only to support teacher's judgement; it is the teacher assessment which is recorded as the statutory outcome.
Statutory assessment takes place in ReadingWritingMathematics and Science. For each subject, teachers use the available evidence to reach one of a number of judgements, based on the national assessment framework.
The judgements available for Reading, Writing and Mathematics are as follows: Each judgement band is illustrated in the Teacher Assessment framework documentation by a number of descriptors of performance. To achieve a given standard, pupils must achieve all of the descriptors within that band.
For pupils with Special Educational Needs a separate judgement may be made using a separate grading system known as P-levels.
Judgements in Reading, Writing and Mathematics are supported by test papers which are administered during May of Year 2. The Reading and Maths tests are statutory for schools.
Schools can choose to use an optional Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling test to support judgements in Writing. There is no test available for Science.
Reading; Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling; and Mathematics. Writing is assessed solely based on teacher judgement against the assessment framework, following the recommendations of the Bew Review  Science tests are taken biennially by a selected sample of pupils to monitor national performance in science; the results of these tests are not reported to schools or parents.
As at Key Stage 1, these judgements are based on a framework of descriptors, for which a child must meet all requirements to be awarded the band grade. The judgements available at Key Stage 2 differ for the subjects because of the different roles played. Writing has most available judgements as it is part of the statutory accountability judgement.
Reading and Mathematics have fewer judgements as the statutory focus is on the test scores. Science has only one available judgement, as at Key Stage 1.
The grades available, therefore, are:Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority index page. Discover VET in the VCE and VCAL. Get VET is an exciting new resource from the VCAA, giving students, parents and teachers the opportunity to explore the wide-range of opportunities that Vocational Education and Training (VET) offers.
Students will discover that as well as gaining an additional qualification and contributing towards. Assessment methods, along with data collection and analysis, are coordinated by the college's the Curriculum and Assessment Coordinator, with oversight from the Assessment Committee and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs.
Overview of Book This book is divided into four parts. Here is a brief overview of each part: Part 1, Seeing the Big Picture Connections First, defines curriculum in terms of rigor, provides the background of this model, connects curriculum design to the “big picture” of standards, assessments, instruction, and data practices, previews the step-by-step design sequence, and introduces end.
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The Division of Curriculum and Instruction supports evidence-based instructional practices and strategies for differentiated, innovative, and effective teaching and learning based on the State-adopted standards in support of a balanced curriculum for the whole child. Across Foundation – Year 12, curricula for 43 learning areas and subjects have been developed and published on the Australian Curriculum caninariojana.com is continuing to develop languages curriculum.