He was the child of a family with a long tradition of religious scholarship.
If one kills the infidel, and this stops him from perpetrating his misdeeds, his death will be a blessing to him. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini was a fundamentalist Shi'a Islamic cleric and Iranian politician who overthrew the autocratic monarch of Iran, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlaviin — Before he succeeded at this, Khomeini chattered a good deal about democracy and the UN Declaration of Human Rights;  once he was in power, however, he instituted a theocracy based on a strict form of Shi'a Islam and officially proclaimed Iran to be an "Islamic Republic".
It appears from his philosophical background that the Islamic came from his religion and the Republic came from the book of that title by Platowhich just goes to show what reading too much Plato can do for a man. Khomeini's seizure of power was a very unlikely happening that left many bystanders surprised.
It had two primary causes: The Iranian people had been suffering mightily under the Shah's rule; besides being a dictator and running a very corrupt government, the Shah was being propped up by the U.
A secular reform movement in the early s, led by the prime minister Mohammed Mosaddegh, had been very popular before being crushed by U.
Other reform movements, such as communist and Islamic socialist groups, underestimated Khomeini's potential influence, believing he could be kept on the sidelines in a broader reform movement. After the death in October of Khomeini's son Mustafa, millions of Iranians marched against the Shah whom they blamed for Mustafa's death.
Feeling the pressure, on October 2nd the Shah granted amnesty to Ayatollah Khomeini. However, opposition to the Shah continued to grow and on January 16the Shah left Iran in an attempt to calm the situation.
The prime minister of Iran, Shapour Bakhtiar, was then effectively forced by the Iranian public to free all political prisoners and allow Ayatollah Khomeini to regain power in Iran.
Shapour Bakhtiar asked the Ayatollah to allow free elections and preserve the constitution; however, Khomeini preferred to be an oppressive, theocratic dictator and so that is what he did. After he was secure in power, he started making some noise about how the Shi'a-majority population in neighboring Iraq should rise up and join in the new Islamic Republic; this was one of the causes of the Iran-Iraq Warwhich left parts of Iran something of a smoking ruin and also caused an upswing in U.
He also mounted a mass campaign of murderrapeand torture against political opponents and "unbelievers", as well as their families, children, close friends and anyone who was accused of insufficiently Islamic behaviour.
Strangely enough, duringKhomeini did business with both the Great and the Little Satanbut then again, war often creates strange bedfellows. Inshortly before the conclusion of Iraqi war, Khomeini ordered a large execution of prisoners estimated as many as 30,most of whom were Mojahedin-e-Khalq leftist militants, [note 2] but the pretext of war was used to terminate most of other opposition as well.
Also he issued a fatwa calling for the death of Salman Rushdie following the publishing of The Satanic Verses which Khomeini decreed to be blasphemous.
Despite the death of Khomeini the fatwa is still extant and Rushdie continues to live in fear for his life. The fatwa drew vastly different reactions by self-declared leftists from a call for Rushdie to apologize, to a scathing indictment of the Iranian regime by figures like Christopher Hitchens.
In early the 33rd anniversary of his return from exile was celebrated with a re-enactment.
As he was dead by this point, a cardboard cutout was used as a stand-in. This was widely mocked online. Though make no mistake "marg bar [note 3] Israel" and "marg bar America" are still par for the course,   even for "moderate" Islamic Republic leaders.Ayatollah Khomeini was the founder and supreme leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The only leader in the Muslim world who combined political and religious authority as a head of state, he took office in Ayatollah Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini was born on September 24, , according to most Died: Jun 03, Ruhollah Khomeini, also spelled Rūḥallāh Khomeynī, original name Ruhollah Mostafavi, (born September 24, [see Researcher’s Note], Khomeyn, Iran—died June 3, , Tehrān), Iranian Shīʿite cleric who led the revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in (see Iranian.
On October 9, Pope Pius XII died – after 19 years as Pontiff. The new father of the Church, John XXIII (Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli), was a kindly looking man who tried to inspire a spiritual renewal. Ayatollah Khomeini was born Sayyed Ruhollah Mustafavi Khomeini, 24 September in Khomein, Central Iran (then Persia), and died 3 June ) (Persian: روح الله موسوی خمینی).He was also known as 'Imam Khomeini'.
Khomein was the political leader of the Islamic Revolution in Khomeini was also a caninariojana.com poems are collected together in an Imam Divan.
Ruḥollāh Moṣṭafāvī Mōsavī Khomeynī (persiano: روح الله مصطفوی موسوی خمینی ; Khomeyn, 24 settembre – Teheran, 3 giugno ) è stato un politico e imam caninariojana.com un Grande ayatollah (Āyatollāh al-ʿUẓma), capo spirituale e politico del suo Paese dal al Il suo governo fu ispirato alla religione islamica secondo un'ottica sciita.
Khomeini, now known by the high Shiite title “ayatollah,” was the first religious leader to openly condemn the shah’s program of westernization.