It is possible that Spinoza, as he made progress through his studies, was being groomed for a career as a rabbi. But he never made it into the upper levels of the curriculum, those which included advanced study of Talmud. And then, on July 27,Spinoza was issued the harshest writ of herem, ban or excommunication, ever pronounced by the Sephardic community of Amsterdam; it was never rescinded.
What Holds The Universe Together? John's gospel speaks of an earlier state of existence than is described in Verse 1 of Genesis, In the beginning was the Word, [logos] and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God; [before creation] all things were made through him, and without him was not anything made that was made.
In him was life, and the life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, full of grace and truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father No one has ever seen God; the only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has made him known.
Further, this Word, the Son of God, was and is fully God in his own right. At a point late in the history of mankind the Son of God became a man and was born into the human race in order to solve the problem of death and to repair a broken universe. See Philippians Chapter 2, and Hebrews Chapter 2.
Chapter One of Paul's Epistle to the Colossians gives a further description of the role of Jesus in creation which is consistent with John, [Jesus] is the image of the invisible God, the first-born [prototokos] of all creation; for in him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or authorities [i.
He is before all things, and in him all things hold together.
He is the head of the body, the church; he is the beginning, the first-born from the dead, that in everything he might be pre-eminent. For in him all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.
The Holy Spirit, in giving us this inspired passage of Scripture, now explains that all things both visible and invisible in the entire universe were created through this same Jesus, the Eternal Word. We may think of the universe and its intricate design as being conceived in the mind of the Father then spoken into existence by the Son who makes the invisible, visible.
The Holy Spirit is the One who energizes and supplies life to the creation, not only at the time of creation but also moment by moment after that. We are also told that all things were created for Jesus. He is "the heir of all things.
There is a future accountability to be given by all of ushistory is headed somewhere and at the end of road stands Jesus to whom all power and authority has already been given: Jesus said, "The Father judges no one, but has given all judgment to the Son, that all may honor the Son, even as they honor the Father.
He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent him. Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears my word and believes him who sent me, has eternal life; he does not come into judgment, but has passed from death to life.
Truly, truly, I say to you, the hour is coming, and now is, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself, and has given him authority to execute judgment, because he is the Son of man.
Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come forth, those who have done good, to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil, to the resurrection of judgment. The nucleus of every atom is held together by what physicists call "weak" and "strong" forces.
Physicists today are familiar with four basic forces in the natural world: The first two forces decrease in strength inversely with the square of the distance between two objects. Recently two additional close-range, weak gravitational forces have been suggested. These are thought to be quantum mechanical corrections to Newton's Law of Gravitation.
The nucleus of the atom contains positively-charged and neutral particles--to use a simplistic model.
Mutual electrostatic repulsion between the like-positive protons would drive the nucleus apart if it were not for the "strong force" which binds the nucleus together.
The third New Testament passage which talks about atomic structure and physics is 2 Peter: This passage strongly suggests that the active power of God is behind the mysterious strong force that holds every atomic nucleus together. If this is so, all the other fundamental forces of nature are likewise forces that originate with Christ and His sustaining direction of the old creation.
If this is a correct view, were God to merely relax His grasp on the universe every atom would come apart "by fire" that is, by nuclear fire. God dynamically sustains the universe, including the atoms themselves.Rene Descartes' third meditation from his book Meditations on First Philosophy, examines Descartes' arguments for the existence of God.
The purpose of this essay will be to explore Descartes' reasoning and proofs of God's existence.4/4(1). Descartes often compares the ontological argument to a geometric demonstration, arguing that necessary existence cannot be excluded from idea of God anymore than the fact that its angles equal two right angles, for example, can be excluded from the idea of .
Descartes: Proofs for God existence and the nature of human’s mistakes Rene Descartes, a famous French philosophy, was known as “the Father of modern philosophy”. With his formidable and broad knowledge, Descartes fostered his desire to seek for only .
Rene Descartes who is widely revered as the father of modern philosophy affirmed the existence of God and proffered two arguments for the existence of God.
Many scholars have bore their minds on the question of God, but our aim in this paper is to examine the various ramifications of Descartes’ proof of God’s existence. Overall, both Berkeley and Descartes studied the existence of God and tried to find proofs based on the ideas and perception, thus on the basis of mind work.
Their arguments have rational points, but still finally both of them failed to produce absolutely indisputable arguments for God’s existence. Descartes uses three very similar arguments to open all our knowledge to doubt: The dream argument, the deceiving God argument, and the evil demon argument.
He takes what he learned in meditation 1 and keeps building on his beliefs.