Should non-human animals be treated fairly and equally to humans? Yes, animals and humans should have similar rights.
Peter Singer b "All animals are somebody - someone with a life of their own. Translated into several languages it made him a public name. Regan, an American advocate for animal rights and an emeritus professor of philosophy, asserts that animals have intrinsic value a value in themselves irrespective of any value to human needs because they have feelings, beliefs, preferences, memories, expectations, and so on.
He calls animals with such features "subjects of a life" because "what happens to them matters to them. Behind those eyes is a story, the story of their life in their world as they experience it. Regan's position clashes with his contemporary, Peter Singer see below. Singer argues that subjective human preferences can occasionally outweigh the interests of animals.
To avoid this, Regan counters that it is better that animal rights are based on intrinsic value. Regan says this will thwart people putting their own interests before animals whenever it suits them, prevent exploitation of individual animals for the greater good of humansand stop morality being an exclusively human club.
Among Regan's books on animal ethics are: All That Dwell Therein: Richard Dudley Ryder, British animal ethics philosopher and animal welfare campaigner, was a psychologist who experimented on animals but now speaks out for animal rights.
Ryder denounces utilitarianism because it justifies the exploitation of some animals if there is a net gain in happiness for the majority of other animals that is humans in practice.
Instead, he advocates his philosophy of painism: He coined the term speciesism in the 's, popularised by Singer below in his book Animal Liberation, and coined painism in the 's to describe his ethical philosophy.
Ryder's books include Victims of Scienceon the use of animals in research; Animal Revolutionon the recent history and development of animal rights; Painismon the moral theory of painism; and Putting Morality Back Into Politics Read the writings of Peter Singer Australian ethicist and professor of philosophy, Peter Albert David Singer, first took part in a public demonstration for animals in his twenties while at Oxford University.
The protest was held in the street against factory farming and featured caged paper-mache hens and a stuffed calf in an imitation stall. Peter Singer is widely credited with inaugurating the modern animal rights movement through his book, Animal Liberationwhich questions the human treatment of animals.
It is the book for which he is most well-known to the public - its second edition was translated into over 17 languages, including Chinese, Korean and Hebrew. The book gave the animal rights movement a philosophical basis and, along with Singer's status as a reputable philosopher, awoke interest in academic circles that set off a chain reaction of thought and publications about animal ethics and animal liberation.
Singer believes that our treatment of animals is one of the foremost ethical issues of today. He says toleration for the mistreatment of animals is a prejudice that, like sexism and racism, does not have a rational basis, and failure to take into account animal suffering is to be guilty of speciesism.
Singer's ethical philosophy is practical, following Utilitarian principles: Hence, you may be morally justified if you cause relatively little harm to a few beings to minimise a greater harm to more beings. Thus, you might experiment on but not kill some humans or animals to save the lives of many more humans or animals; but it would be wrong to kill or cause severe pain to the many to save a little distress to the few.
Although Singer argues in Animal Liberation that we should not give greater preference to the interests of humans over animals, he also argues that some individuals are more valuable than others and deserve higher priority in moral disputes. In Singer's view, a sentient animal, a subject of a life, like a rat, has a higher priority to life as he has more to lose than a non-sentient being, like a worm.
Similarly, a being who is more sentient, like a chimpanzee, has more to lose than a being who is less sentient, like a rat. Among his many activities, Singer is a founder member of the Great Ape Project that is trying to influence people to confer on the great apes the same basic rights as humans.
And Singer sets an example to us all: Singer's many books include: Henry Spira and the animal rights movement ; One World:This, of course, is a conclusion to which Regan and Singer strenuously object.
Why, then, should personal life, contrary to the contention of "animal rights" advocates, be qualitatively different? The key, most commentators agree, is language, defined, not as "sign communication," but as a syntactically structured system of significant symbols.
What Is The Meaning Of The Name Regan? mode_comment. Meaning of the name Regan, analysis of the name Regan and so much more What does Regan mean and its numerology, definition, origin, popularity and very interesting information.
Please use the menu below. Quick Menu. Let us now contrast Tom Regan’s position with that of Peter Singer Tom Regan is a professor of philosophy at North Carolina State University and is a leading animal rights advocate in the United caninariojana.com: 8.
Environmental Ethics: Singer vs Regan Environmental ethics is defined: as a part of philosophy which considers extending the traditional boundaries of ethics from solely including humans to including the nonhuman world (Wikipedia).
For example, this includes the . Regan v Singer: Animal Rights Regan's most recurrent strategy for validating animal rights is to demonstrate that if human beings can be said to have rights, some animals can likewise be said to have rights.
Thesis (M.A.)--University of Rhode Island, Binder's title: Singer versus Regan. Includes bibliographical references (leaves ).