Group size Since learning is better when the learner is active and able to practise applications, the learning environment should provide such opportunities. Studies show that group size affects the nature and intensity of interaction.
Calculations about the exact number of people who speak two or more languages across the globe vary. Ironically, although the United States U.
When people do acquire more than one language, the contexts in which individuals take on that second language can vary considerably. Elective bilinguals are those bilinguals who choose to learn a new language through foreign language courses or by living or traveling abroad.
The high school student taking French, the child in a dual immersion program, or the college student living abroad for a semester are all examples of elective bilinguals.
For elective bilinguals, the new language they are learning is not critical to their survival in society. Instead, elective bilinguals are selecting to add another language to their linguistic repertoire in a context in which their home language is the dominant language and the language of prestige1.
By contrast, circumstantial bilinguals in the U.
The family language spoken by circumstantial bilinguals is not the majority language, the language of prestige. Thus, in order to participate economically and civically in the new society in which they find themselves, circumstantial bilinguals must acquire the dominant language.
Very often, societal pressures to add the dominant language, coupled with the low prestige of the native language L1leads to marginalization or even total loss of the native language in favor of English. In the case of the U.
The Psychology of Learning Environments. Ken A. Graetz. Winona State University. He emerged into the strangest-looking classroom he had ever seen. In fact, it didn't look like a classroom at all, more like a cross between someone's attic and an old-fashioned tea shop. In any learning environment, physical characteristics that cause. Nudge theory is a flexible and modern change-management concept for: understanding of how people think, make decisions, and behave, helping people improve their thinking and decisions. A Facilitative Learning Environment Encourages people to be active Promotes and facilitates the individual’s discovery of the personal meaning of idea. Emphasizes the uniquely personal and subjective nature of learning. In which difference is good and desirable. Consistently recognizes people’s right to make mistakes. Tolerate ambiguity.
Stemming partially from these political concerns and partially from misunderstandings about how a second language is acquired, students have traditionally been discouraged from using their first language in the classroom and recently several states have even passed laws forbidding it2.
Because language is tightly tied to identity and family, the subordination of home languages to English often causes students personal, cultural, and familial tensions. In this brief, we offer background on the importance of fostering continued use of the L1.
We then provide a select set of instructional strategies that will help students strategically use their L1 to access texts and participate in activities while they are simultaneously learning English. In so doing, teachers can build into lessons in systematic ways, powerful opportunities for students to simultaneously develop conceptual knowledge and skills in a discipline while they are expanding sophisticated understandings of both their L1 and English, the new language.
What are the Benefits of Bilingualism? Speaking two or more languages not only offers obvious practical benefits, but it is also an asset in an increasingly globalized world. The ability to speak, read, and write in two or more languages is a unique advantage in the job market, as local and global demands for employees who speak two or more languages continue to increase.
Furthermore, a review of the research shows that bilingualism has numerous cognitive, social-emotional, and academic benefits as well.
What follows is a review of a few of the benefits of bilingualism that go beyond finding a job. Cognitive Benefits Research examining the cognitive effects of bilingualism confirms its multiple benefits, including: The quicker you can make mental shifts, the greater your level of cognitive flexibility.
For example, imagine you are getting ready to play a Bridge game with a group of friends, when the host announces a change in plans.Mar 06, · Elsa Billings and Aída Walqui, WestEd Click here for the print version of the below topic brief (pdf format) Throughout the world, learning two or .
Creating a learning environment and culture is something that can be modeled by the supervisor. A supervisor can begin by viewing supervisees as “learners” and reward those who acquire, apply and share new knowledge.
Learning should be constant, and supervisors can create the culture for. Abstract. Research has documented the importance of strategy execution in creating corporate value. Yet time and money spent on strategic planning is wasted unless the organization builds a way to execute planned strategies.
How these resource materials are accessible and used in instruction will determine whether a classroom environment is facilitative or not.
a conducive and positive environment for learning in. Facilitated learning in its purist form is likely to occur in a well-resourced environment with participants who are highly motivated and pro-active.
Most training environments are unlikely to be able to offer the necessary conditions. When they are directly involved in planning and steering projects, students are more invested in their learning. Get ideas for empowering your students to work independently.