Collections of Essays 1. Overall View Utilitarianism is a philosophical view or theory about how we should evaluate a wide range of things that involve choices that people face. Among the things that can be evaluated are actions, laws, policies, character traits, and moral codes.
Aspects of anthropological methods covered are: The module examines the relationship between theory and method within anthropology. We are concerned with the specific techniques that are used by anthropologists as they conduct their fieldwork. This module also draws attention to how ethnographic knowledge produced during fieldwork is both relational and contextual.
We consider certain historical conjectures and power dynamics that have contributed to the way ethnography is perhaps at times rather paradoxically at once defined as a product and perceived as a process. To this end, the module explores the epistemological and ethical foundations of anthropological methods in order to encourage you to think about fieldwork as an encounter and ethnography as the relation between anthropological practice and theory.
You should expect to learn about the history of anthropology methods.
In doing so, you will be able to raise critical questions concerning the ways in which ethnographic knowledge is produced. What constitutes as ethnographic evidence? What are the aims of anthropological research?
What does participant-observation mean to anthropologists? Why might ethics matter in anthropology? The lecture each week explores some aspects of these questions, while more detailed and interactive discussions will follow in the seminars.
As part of your seminar and coursework preparation, you are expected to read the required texts and undertake short and manageable ethnographic projects with a partner or in groups.
This practical approach to anthropological methods will give you a hands-on sense for some of the ambiguities of ethnography. You'll be provided with an introduction to modern comparative and evolutionary psychology.
The module material addresses profound questions such as: What distinguishes us from other animals? What is our place in nature? What are the core psychological and behavioural characteristics of human beings? Are humans infinitely behaviourally flexible or are we channelled by inherited tendencies from our primate past?
We will examine comparative theory and research on the nature of intelligence, theory of mind, culture, language, cooperation and aggression.Utilitarianism gives us a method for making difficult moral decisions.
Moral flexibility: Explains why moral prohibitions (against lying, stealing, etc.) may sometimes be broken.
In summary utilitarianism explains many of our most basic intuitions regarding what actions are right and wrong. The Moral Community.
Devil In The Dark () The Horta was an example of Silicon life.; Now we are really sailing off into terra incognito. "Here be dragons" and all that.
But if you have starships, you almost have to have aliens (Isaac Asimov's Foundation trilogy being the most notable exception).The "science" is called Astrobiology, the famous "science in search of a subject". Living a good life means realizing those excellences in our lives as best we can.
Put another way, we are under a moral obligation [!] to do our best to realize the best that human beings can be.
To neglect that obligation is to waste our lives. The Golden Rule. The most familiar version of the Golden Rule says, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” Moral philosophy has barely taken notice of the golden rule in its own terms despite the rule’s prominence in commonsense ethics.
Utilitarianism moral theory then, includes the important idea that when we calculate the utility of actions, laws, or policies, we must do so from an impartial perspective and not from a “partialist” perspective that favors ourselves, our friends, or others we especially care about.
Act utilitarianism, however, provides . Start studying utilitarianism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. General theory--the last thing to be discovered--tells us what we are pursuing.
the actions that are not moral duties.